«Short version of the classic shotgun mic, with switchable filter and pre-attenuation functions. Excellent off-axis (lateral and rear) attenuation. Free of coloration.
The KMR 81 is a shotgun microphone with a high directivity that remains within the acceptance angle independent of the frequency.
The advantage is that a sound source, for example an actor on stage, will not change its apparent tonal balance when moving within this area.
Shotgun microphones are particularly useful in recording situations where a microphone cannot be positioned within the desired distance of the sound source to produce a sufficiently loud signal level.
Typical applications are film and video recordings, where the microphone should not appear in the picture.
The KMR 81 has been specifically designed for electronic news gathering.
In principle, Neumann shotgun microphones use a combination of a pressure gradient transducer and an interference tube. If the wavelength of the frequency is longer than the tube length, the microphones work as pressure gradient transducers. At higher frequencies they operate as interference transducers for lateral sound. Off-axis sound sources are picked up with reduced level, but without coloration.
Therefore, the microphones are well suited to record individual instruments of an orchestra. The pickup areas of several shotgun microphones may even overlap as, for example, during recordings on a large stage, without causing any problem.
The KMR 81 is less sensitive to wind and pop noise when compared to the KM 150 miniature microphone with a similar high directivity. The shotgun microphone features extremely low self noise, good impulse response, and high output level. »